4 Year Medical Courses in Nigeria + Degrees that Pay Well

Before I got into the University, UNILAG precisely, I only knew about medicine, pharmacy, and Nursing. Just like many other secondary school graduates aspiring to pursue a career in this field, I wasn’t aware that there are other top medical courses in Nigeria. Guess what? There’s a wide range of medical courses offered in Nigerian Universities catering to the diverse interests and career aspirations of students in the field of healthcare. Whether you aspire to become a doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or specialize in other healthcare professions, Nigeria provides various educational opportunities. Below are some common medical courses offered in Nigerian universities,  4 year medical courses in Nigeria and 4 year medical degrees that pay well in Nigeria.

What are the medical courses in Nigeria

Medicine and Surgery (MBBS)

  • Duration: 6 years

MBBS is one of the most sought-after medical degrees in Nigeria. It deals with the human body, structure, metabolic activities, and others. It equips students with the knowledge and skills to become medical doctors. After completing the program, graduates often undergo a one-year internship to gain practical experience.

Nursing (B.NSc)

  • Duration: 5 years

Nursing programs prepare students to become registered nurses (RNs). It’s a course that teaches students how to care for and make people feel comfortable in a time of ill health. Nurses play a vital role in patient care and are in high demand in healthcare settings.

Pharmacy (B.Pharm)

  • Duration: 5 years

Pharmacy programs focus on medication-related knowledge and skills. It also has branches like pharmacology, clinical pharmacy, etc. Pharmacists are responsible for dispensing medications and ensuring safe and effective drug use.

Dentistry (BDS)

  • Duration: 6 years

BDS programs train students to become dentists who specialize in oral health. They diagnose and treat dental issues, i.e., they are in charge of taking care of the teeth.

Medical Laboratory Science (BMLS)

  • Duration: 4 years

This course teaches its students how to carry out the analysis of body fluids, complex chemicals, hematological, and bacterial diagnosis. Medical laboratory scientists perform diagnostic tests and analyze medical samples to aid in patient diagnosis and treatment.

Radiography (B.Rad)

  • Duration: 5 years

Radiography, also known as radiology, is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of diseases like cancer and others. It deals with the diagnostic images of anatomic structures. A radiologist, simply put, is that official (nurse/doctor) that attends to you when there’s a need for an x-ray test or a CAT scan.

Physiotherapy (BPT)

  • Duration: 6 years

This is a branch of medicine that helps people recover from a particular injury or illness through education, advice, exercise, etc. Physiotherapists help patients regain mobility and manage pain through physical therapy techniques.

Optometry (BOptom)

  • Duration: 6 years

Optometrists specialize in eye care, including conducting eye exams and prescribing corrective lenses.

Veterinary Medicine (DVM)

  • Duration: 6 years

Veterinary medicine programs prepare students to become veterinarians who care for animals’ health. They render their services to both domesticated and wild animals.

4 Year Medical Courses in Nigeria

If you’re looking for shorter-duration medical courses, then you’ve got to pay more attention to this section. Below are notable 4-year medical courses that are offered in Nigerian Universities.

Medical Laboratory Science (BMLS)

As mentioned earlier, BMLS programs can be completed in 4 years. Graduates work in laboratories, conducting tests and analyses to assist in medical diagnoses.

Radiography (B.Rad)

B.Rad programs equip students with the skills to operate imaging equipment. Radiographers play a crucial role in the healthcare system by producing diagnostic images.

Environmental Health (B.Envt.H)

Environmental health professionals focus on preventing and managing environmental health hazards. This program takes 4 years to complete.

Biomedical Engineering (B.Eng.)

Biomedical engineers design and maintain medical equipment. This field combines engineering principles with healthcare applications, and you can complete a Bachelor of Biomedical Engineering (B.Eng.) degree in 4 years.

4 Year Medical Degrees That Pay Well

You will agree with me that it makes no sense to spend years and resources in schooling to obtain a particular certificate, after which the holder ends up unemployed and thereby becomes an object of mockery. Therefore, one has to consider degrees that attract high pay before choosing them. Here are some 4-year medical degrees in Nigeria known for their potential to lead to well-paying jobs:

Medical Laboratory Science (BMLS)

Medical laboratory scientists are in high demand due to their pivotal role in diagnosing diseases. They can work in both public and private healthcare institutions, earning competitive salaries.

Radiography (B.Rad)

Radiographers/Radiologists play a crucial role in healthcare because not every nurse or doctor can operate an x-ray equipment. This profession offers attractive remuneration, making it a financially rewarding choice.

Environmental Health (B.Envt.H)

Environmental health professionals play a vital role in safeguarding communities from environmental hazards. This profession is not only fulfilling but also holds the potential for good income. Environmental health officers can work in various sectors, including government agencies, environmental consulting firms, and healthcare facilities.

Biomedical Engineering (B.Eng.)

Biomedical engineers bridge the gap between medicine and engineering. They design, develop, and maintain medical equipment and devices. With the ever-evolving field of healthcare technology, biomedical engineers are in high demand. This demand translates into competitive salaries and the opportunity to contribute to advancements in healthcare. Biomedical engineers often work in hospitals, research institutions, medical device companies, and government agencies.

Health Information Management (B.Sc.)

Health information management professionals are responsible for organizing and managing patient data and health information systems. They play a critical role in maintaining accurate medical records and ensuring data privacy and security. In the age of digital healthcare, the importance of health information management cannot be overstated.

Graduates in this field can find employment in hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, and government health agencies. The demand for health information managers is expected to grow, making it a potentially lucrative career option. If you are good in record keeping and detailing, this field will definitely favor you.

Medical Biochemistry (B.Sc.)

Medical biochemists study the chemical processes and substances that occur within the human body. They contribute to medical research, drug development, and clinical diagnostics.

While medical biochemistry may require additional specialization or advanced degrees for certain roles, it offers a solid foundation for various career paths in the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. With the increasing emphasis on personalized medicine and biotechnology, medical biochemists are well-positioned for rewarding careers.

Health Administration and Management (B.Sc.)

Health administration and management professionals are responsible for overseeing the operations of healthcare organizations, ensuring efficient delivery of healthcare services. They manage healthcare facilities, budgets, and personnel.

Graduates in this field can find employment in hospitals, clinics, healthcare consulting firms, and government health agencies. With the complexity of modern healthcare systems, skilled healthcare administrators and managers are highly valued and can command competitive salaries.

Medical Microbiology (B.Sc.)

Medical microbiologists study microorganisms and their interactions with the human body. They play a crucial role in infectious disease research, diagnostics, and epidemiology. Medical microbiologists often work in clinical laboratories, research institutions, and public health agencies.

With the ongoing challenges posed by infectious diseases, particularly in the wake of global health crises, the role of medical microbiologists remains significant. Graduates in this field have the potential to make meaningful contributions to healthcare and public health.


Nigeria offers a diverse array of medical courses and degrees, ranging from traditional 6 to 7 year programs to shorter 4 year options, each with its unique focus and career opportunities. They are offered in various higher institutions in the country. It’s important you take this into consideration, when selecting a medical course or degree, consider your interests, strengths, and long-term career goals.


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